AskDefine | Define sucre

Dictionary Definition

sucre

Noun

1 the basic unit of money in Ecuador; equal to 100 centavos
2 the legal capital and seat of the judiciary in Bolivia

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

sucre
  1. The former currency of Ecuador, divided into 100 centavos

Noun

  1. sugar

French

Pronunciation

Noun

fr-noun m

Extensive Definition

Sucre (population 247,300 in 2006) is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, seat of the Supreme Court (Corte Suprema de Justicia), and capital of the Chuquisaca department. Located in the south-central part of the country, Sucre lies at an altitude of 2750m (9,000ft). Its lower altitude gives the city a warm temperate climate year-round.
On November 30 1538 Sucre was founded under the name Ciudad de la Plata de la Nueva Toledo by Pedro Anzures, Marqués de Campo Redondo. In 1538 the Spanish King Philip II established the Audiencia de Charcas in La Plata with authority over an area which covers what is now Paraguay, southeastern Peru, Northern Chile and Argentina, and much of Bolivia. The Audiencia de Charcas was a subdivision of the Viceroyalty of Peru. In 1601 the Recoleta Monastery was founded by the Franciscans and in 1609, an archbishopric was founded in the city. In 1624, St Francis Xavier University of Chuquisaca was founded.
Very much a Spanish city during the colonial era, the narrow streets of the city centre are organised in a grid, reflecting the Andalusian culture that is embodied in the architecture of the city's great houses and numerous convents and churches. Sucre remains the seat of the Catholic church in Bolivia, and a common sight is members of religious orders dressed in traditional costume. For much of its colonial history, Sucre's temperate climate was preferred by the Spanish royalty and wealthy families involved in silver trade coming from Potosí. Testament to this is the Glorieta Castle. Sucre's University (Universidad Real & Pontifice de San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca) is one of the oldest universities in the new world. Until the 19th century, La Plata was the judicial, religious and cultural centre of the region. In 1839, after the city became the capital of Bolivia, it was renamed in honour of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de Sucre. Too remote after the economic decline of Potosí and its silver industry, it saw the Bolivian seat of government move to La Paz in 1898. Many argue Sucre was the epicenter that initiated the independence campaign against Spain in all of Latin America. The first "Grito Libertario" (Shout of Freedom) took place in 1809. Ironically, Bolivia was the last territory to gain its independence in 1825. In 1991, Sucre became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The city attracts thousands of tourists every year thanks to its well-conserved downtown with buildings from the 18th and 19th century. Nestled at the foot of the twin hills of Churuquella and Sika Sika, Sucre is the gateway to numerous small villages that date from the colonial era, the most well-known of which is Tarabuco, home of the colorful "Pujllay" festival held each March. In these outlying villages, one is as likely to find a descendant of the Spanish conquest as members of an indigenous group that still dress in their unique native clothing they use not only to preserve their cultural identity but also to let others instantly know what town or region they are from.

The City of Four Names

Sucre is also called “The City of Four Names”. Each of the well known names represent a specific era of the city's history.
  • Charcas was the indigenous name for the place upon which the Spaniards built the colonial city.
  • La Plata was the name given to the emerging Hispanic city of privilege and honor.
  • The name Chuquisaca was bestowed upon the city during the independence era.
  • Sucre honors the Great Marshal of Ayacucho, Don Antonio Jose de Sucre.

External links

References

sucre in Franco-Provençal: Sucre (Bolivie)
sucre in Aymara: Sukri
sucre in Belarusian: Горад Сукрэ
sucre in Breton: Sucre
sucre in Catalan: Sucre (Bolívia)
sucre in Danish: Sucre
sucre in German: Sucre
sucre in Estonian: Sucre
sucre in Spanish: Sucre
sucre in Esperanto: Sukro (Bolivio)
sucre in Basque: Sucre
sucre in French: Sucre (Bolivie)
sucre in Korean: 수크레
sucre in Croatian: Sucre
sucre in Indonesian: Sucre, Bolivia
sucre in Icelandic: Súkre
sucre in Italian: Sucre (città)
sucre in Hebrew: סוקרה
sucre in Swahili (macrolanguage): Sucre
sucre in Haitian: Sik
sucre in Latin: Sucre
sucre in Lithuanian: Sukrė
sucre in Hungarian: Sucre történelmi óvárosa
sucre in Dutch: Sucre (Bolivia)
sucre in Japanese: スクレ (ボリビア)
sucre in Norwegian: Sucre (Bolivia)
sucre in Norwegian Nynorsk: Sucre
sucre in Novial: Sucre
sucre in Occitan (post 1500): Sucre (Bolívia)
sucre in Piemontese: Sucre
sucre in Low German: Sucre
sucre in Polish: Sucre (miasto)
sucre in Portuguese: Sucre
sucre in Romansh: Sucre
sucre in Quechua: Chuqichaka
sucre in Russian: Сукре (город)
sucre in Slovak: Sucre
sucre in Slovenian: Sucre (mesto)
sucre in Serbian: Сукре
sucre in Finnish: Sucre
sucre in Swedish: Sucre
sucre in Tajik: Иёлоти Сукре
sucre in Turkish: Sucre
sucre in Venetian: Sucre
sucre in Chinese: 苏克雷
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